Accounting Study Guide by

U.S. GAAP Codification Accounting Topics

Accounting for Inventories



     Codification Topic 330 (


Inventory Recording System

      Perpetual Inventory System 

      Periodic Inventory System


Inventory Valuation Methods

      First-in First-out (FIFO)
      Last-in First-out (LIFO)
      Moving Average Method
      Weighted Average Method
      Dollar Value LIFO

Lower of Cost or Market (LCM)

      Inventories are valued at cost or market, whichever is lower


Market Value of Inventories

      Market value = Current replacement cost 

      Upper limit (Ceiling) of Market value = Net Realizable Value (NRV)

      Lower limit (Floor) of Market value 
      = Net Realizable Value (NRV) - Normal Profit Margin

      Net Realizable Value (NRV)
      = Estimated Selling Price - Cost of Completion and Disposal


Items to be included in inventories

      Goods in transit 
      FOB destination --> Seller's Inventory
      FOB shipping point --> Buyer's Inventory

      Consigned goods are consignor's inventory 

      Goods sold by installment sales are not included in seller's inventory.
      Profit on installment sales is recognized in proportion to cash collected.

Review of Accounting Topics

Principles of Accounting:  

This section provides study guides for students in the principles of accounting courses or introduction to financial accounting courses. 


Accounting for General Users:  
A guide to accounting for users who are interested in understanding accounting reports.  This section explains what users need to know to understand and analyze accounting information provided in the financial statements.  No prerequisite is required to read this section.  


    Accounting is an information system.

    Users of accounting information

    Financial accounting for external users

    Managerial accounting for internal users

    Statement of Cash Flows provides information about the cash flow of a company.

    Cash flow from operating activities

    Cash flow from investing activities

    Cash flow from financing activities

Intermediate Accounting:  

This section provides study guides for students in the intermediate accounting courses.  Following topics are discussed in this section.


    Depreciation Methods

    Straight Line Depreciation

    Declining Balance Method

    Sum-of-the-years-digits Method

    Accounting for Bonds Payable

    Price of bonds payable

    Discount on bonds payable

    Premium on bonds payable

    Amortization of discount and premium

    Early extinguishment of debts

Advanced Accounting:  

This section provides study guides for students in the advanced accounting courses.  Following topics are discussed in this section. 


U.S. GAAP by Codification Topic
 105  GAAP Hierarchy 
 105  GAAP History 

 205  Presentation of Financial Statements 
 205-20 Discontinued Operations 
 210  Balance Sheet 
 210-20 Offsetting 
 220  Comprehensive Income 
 225  Income Statement 
 225-20 Extraordinary and Unusual Items 
 230  Statement of Cash Flows 
 250  Accounting Changes and Error Corrections 
 260  Earnings per Share 
 270  Interim Reporting
 310  Impairment of a Loan
 320  Investment Securities 
 320  Other-Than-Temporary Impairments, FSP FAS 115-2 
 320-10-05 Overview of Investments in Other Entities 
 320-10-35 Reclassification of Investments in Securities
 323-10 Equity Method Investments
 323-30 Investments in Partnerships and Joint Ventures 
 325-20 Cost Method Investments 
 330  Inventory

 340-20 Capitalized Advertising Costs 
 350-20 Goodwill 
 350-30 Intangibles Other than Goodwill 
 350-40 Internal-Use Software 
 350-50 Website Development Costs 
 360  Property, Plant and Equipment
 360-20 Real Estate Sales 
 410  Asset Retirement and Environmental Obligations 
 420  Exit or Disposal Cost Obligations 
 450  Contingencies 
 450-20 Loss Contingencies 
 450-30 Gain Contingencies
 480  Redeemable Financial Instruments 

 505-20 Stock Dividends, Stock Splits 
 505-30 Treasury Stock 

 605  SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin, Topic 13 
 605-25 Revenue Recognition - Multiple Element Arrangements 
 715-30 Defined Benefit Plans - Pension
 718  Share-Based Payment 
 730  Research and Development 
 730-20 Research and Development Arrangements 

 805  Business Combinations  
 810  Consolidation 
 810  Noncontrolling Interests 
 810  Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities, SFAS 167 
 815  Derivatives and Hedging Overview 

 820  Fair Value Measurements  
 820  Fair value when the markets are not active, FSP FAS 157-4
 825  Fair Value Option 

 830  Foreign Currency Matters 
 830-20 Foreign Currency Transactions 
 830-30 Translation of Financial Statements 
 835  Interest 
 835-20 Capitalization of Interest 
 835-30 Imputation of Interest 

 840  Leases 
 840-20 Operating Leases 
 840-30 Capital Leases 
 840-40 Sale-Leaseback Transactions
 845  Nonmonetary Transactions 

 855  Subsequent Events 
 860-20 Sale of Financial Assets, SFAS 166 
 860-50 Servicing Assets and Liabilities, SFAS 156 

 985-20 Costs of software to be sold  

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