U.S. GAAP Codification of Accounting Standards

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U.S. GAAP Accounting Standards
Codification Topic 845: Nonmonetary Transactions


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Codification Topic 845
Nonmonetary Transactions


Nonmonetary Transactions

APB Opinion 29, May 1973
"Accounting for Nonmonetary Transactions"

SFAS 153, December 2004
"Exchanges of Nonmonetary Assets
an amendment of APB Opinion No. 29"

Basic Principle

(A) Fair value of nonmonetary asset "received"
(B) Fair value of nonmonetary asset "surrendered"
(C) Book value of nonmonetary asset "surrendered"

1. Exchange of Nonmonetary Assets
--> Cost of nonmonetary asset received is (B)
--> Recognize gain or loss on the exchange

2. If (A) is more evident than (B)
--> use (A) as the cost of the asset acquired

Cases of Nonreciprocal Transfers

1. When an asset is transferred, in a nonreciprocal transfer
--> Transfer is recorded at (B)
--> Recognize gain or loss on the exchange

2. When an asset is received, in a nonreciprocal transfer
--> There is no asset surrendered
--> Cost of nonmonetary asset received is (A) 

Basic Principles Modified

If the transaction lacks "commercial substance"
--> Cost of nonmonetary asset received is (C)
--> Gain or loss on the exchange is not recognized

Commercial Substance

1. The exchange has "commercial substance"
--> if there is a significant change in future cash flows
--> after the exchange

2. Significant change in future cash flows

(1) Significant change in the "configuration" of cash flows
--> configuration: amount, timing, risk

(2) Entity-specific values of assets received and surrendered
--> are significantly different

Boot: Monetary Consideration
If the amount of "monetary consideration" included is 
--> 25% or more of the fair value of exchange
--> then, the exchange is considered as a "monetary exchange"

If the amount of "monetary consideration" < 25% of fair value of exchange

1. The party that pays "monetary consideration"
--> No gain is recognized

2. The party that receives "monetary consideration"
--> Recognized gain = total gain x ratio 
--> ratio = (1) / (2)
--> (1) = amount of monetary consideration
--> (2) = value of total consideration received

Recognition of Loss
"Loss on the exchange"
--> is recognized in full amount


International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS)

   IAS 16: Property, plant and equipment


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   Codification Topic 845
   Nonmonetary Transactions
 
Subtopics of Codification Topic 845
 
   845-10 Overall
 
Accounting Terms of Codification Topic 845-10
 
   Corporate joint venture
   Exchange
   Joint venture
   Monetary assets and liabilities
   Noncontrolling interest
   Nonmonetary assets and liabilities
   Nonreciprocal transfer
   Owners
   Productive assets
   Split-off
   Subsidiary



   Other Topics at the Codification 800 
Accounting Standards Codification, ASC, Overview
 
ASC Codification Topic 805: Business Combinations
ASC Codification Topic 808: Collaborative Arrangements
 
ASC Codification Topic 810: Consolidation
ASC Codification Topic 815: Derivatives and Hedging
 
ASC Codification Topic 820: Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures
ASC Codification Topic 825: Financial Instruments
 
ASC Codification Topic 830: Foreign Currency Matters
ASC Codification Topic 835: Interest
 
ASC Codification Topic 840: Leases
ASC Codification Topic 845: Nonmonetary Transactions
 
ASC Codification Topic 850: Related Party Disclosures
ASC Codification Topic 852: Reorganizations
ASC Codification Topic 855: Subsequent Events
 
ASC Codification Topic 860: Transfers and Servicing


   U.S. GAAP Codification of Accounting Standards
Accounting Standards Codification, ASC, Overview
ASC Codification 200: Presentation
ASC Codification 300: Assets
ASC Codification 400: Liabilities
ASC Codification 500: Equity
ASC Codification 600: Revenue
ASC Codification 700: Expenses
ASC Codification 800: Broad Transactions
ASC Codification 900: Industry

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